Mesin Screw Press Pabrik Kelapa Sawit dan Hubungannya dengan Lori

Yuk bahas tentang Mesin Screw Press Pabrik Kelapa Sawit.

Seperti yang kita tahu, mesin screw press punya peran besar terhadap proses pengolahan kelapa sawit. Fungsi utamanya adalah memeras berondolan yang sudah dicincang dan dilumat dari digester untuk mendapatkan minyak kasar. Buah yang sudah diaduk dengan bantuan pisau pelempar akan dimasukkan ke feed screw conveyor dan mendorongnya masuk ke mesin pengempa.

 

Screw press sendiri mempunyai beberapa bagian utama dengan fungsi yang berbeda-beda, antara lain:

  1. Double screw. Bagian ini terbuat dari baja tuang dengan ukuran yang bervariasi dan bisa disesuaikan dengan kapasitas olah. Satuannya adalah Ton TBS/jam. Dalam membeli spare part screw di pasaran butuh standart jam kerja yang bisa dicapai hingga penggantian berikutnya (umumnya saat screw patah)
  2. Press silinder atau press cage. Terbuat dari plat baja yang diperkuat dengan tulangan plat mild steel setebal 8 mm. Bentuknya mirip seperti kaca mata, di mana bagian tengah saling terhubung. Disebut juga sebagai saringan, di mana fiber atau serabut daging buah sawit tidak ikut ke cairan yang sudah dipress
  3. Gear box. Letaknya ada di bagian belakang screw press, dan di dalamnya ada primary dan secondary screw yang dihubungkan dengan gear agar putaran double screw saling berlawanan arah. Kasus yang sering terjadi adalah patahnya bearing as akibat over pressure, minyak pelumas kurang dan juga akibat bearing tidak sesuai. Itulah mengapa sangat penting dalam memilih pabrikan yang jual roller bearing untuk pabrik kelapa sawit, karena bagian ini cukup rapuh. Selain itu, banyaknya pihak yang menjual spur gear screw press juga harus jadi pertimbangan pemilihan spur gear yang bagus dan berkualitas
  4. Hydraulic double cone. lat ini ditambahkan ke siste screw press untuk memberi tekanan lawan terhadap daya dorong double screw di ampas kempa. Ampas kamepa yang ditekan akan membuat minyak keluar dari massa pressed melalui press silinder. Carilah penjual yang menjual cone guide screw press dengan kualitas terbaiknya

Selanjutnya, kita berpindah kepada lori. Perannya tak kalah besar dalam pemrosesan kelapa sawit, yaitu untuk menampung buah-buah sawit di pabrik kelapa sawit. Lori sendiri adalah alat angkut yang menampung buah kelapa sawit sebelum direbus. Satu lori dapat menampung beban hingga 2500 kilo tandan buah segar. Lori berbentuk seperti gerbong atau truk, tapi alat ini dirancang untuk bisa bergerak di atas rel.

Roda lori sawit adalah bagian yang harus dijaga. Roda yang tidak diganti secara berkala akan membuatnya aus dan rusak. Serta penggunaan yang berlebih juga disebabkan kurangnya jumlah lori di lapangan. Tidak perlu khawatir, karena ada cukup banyak produsen yang jual lori sawit dan mudah ditemukan. Namun jangan menyepelekan waktu penggantian lori, karena penggantian yang terlambat juga menjadi satu faktor kurangnya jumlah lori. Apa jadinya jika sampai terlambat mengganti lori?

  • Roda lori mengalami keretakan alias robek. Sering terjadi karena lori terbentur ke rel saat diturunkan untuk menuang buah yang sudah direbus ke feeder
  • Patah di bagian as roda. Penyebabnya keretakan atau sobeknya roda lori yang sering jatuh saat dikeluarkan dari sterilizer
  • Bengkoknya bagian chasis. Penyebabnya adalah benturan yang berulang kali atau aus yang tinggi
  • Aus di salah satu sisi roda lori kelapa sawit. Bisa karena pelumasan yang kurang, sehingga roda tidak berputar optimal
  • Dinding lori penyok, dan bagian las yang lepas. Penyebabnya bisa karena kualitas pelat yang kurang bagus

Antar lori dan screw press memang saling berkaitan, maka tidak heran jika harus bagian-bagian mesin harus benar-benar dalam keadaan prima. Selain itu juga disarankan untuk mencari produsen yang jual flexible coupling screw press yang asli dan tidak abal-abal. Kualitas masing-masing sparepart sangat berpengaruh terhadap hasil akhir minyak kelapa sawit yang didapatkan. Jadi, jangan ragu untuk membeli sparepart dengan kualitas yang terbaik, karena ini menjadi investasi untuk membuat mesin tahan lebih lama dan bisa dipakai dalam jangka panjang.

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